Home » Bouvier Dog Traits that You Need to Know before Adopting One

Bouvier Dog Traits that You Need to Know before Adopting One

by Krisetya Febriandi Salomo
bouvier dog

Bouvier dog may not be as cute as poodle, or probably, chihuahua, to mention some. But guess what, this breed is one of the herding dog breeds that can also live as a cuddly canine baby. Its size may be a bit too big for your lap; but you should never underestimate their capacity to protect its ‘flocks’. Therefore, you can have this dog as your trusted watch dog.

Bouvier dog is categorized as a pure breed, not a designer breed; but even though it’s a loving dog that suits well for living in various living situations, many bouvier dogs are astray that they end up living in a shelter. Therefore, it’s advised to adopt than purchasing your bouvier. But before adopting, it never hurts to know about their characteristics first, right?


Bouvier Dog History and Physical Characteristics

Bouvier dog comes with another name of Bouvier des Flandres. From the name itself, probably you’re able to infer that our furry canine is originated from Flandres—and you guess it right. Nowadays, Flandres (which commonly written as Flanders) is part of Belgium. Back then, the region is like a bridging region that connected France, Belgium, and the Netherlands.

The domestication of bouvier dog to become a herding dog had been more than a century. At first, bouvier was used to herd cattle at most. Additionally, the dogs were used to pull carts and guard the herd. Of course, they did more tasks assigned by the family with a deep loyalty and obedience. One of the biggest remarks of bouvier is that during the World War era, they were assigned to be a service dog: ranging from pulling a cart for war-wounded veterans, being a messenger, or even tracing the buried ammunition and doing mines-locating.

Bouvier often comes with black in color. Other colors that you can choose from are grey, yellowish brown, and blonde. You may have known as well that this breed owns quite long and thick coat. That’s why they can tolerate winter better than summer. Males are larger than females; with the height of 26 inches for males, and 25 inches for females—all are the average height. Its weight varies as well, ranging from around 70 to 100 pounds.

As for the lifespan, bouvier can live from around 10 to 12 years. Quite average the lifespan is, but you should be aware as well since this breed can be more prone to several serious diseases. For example, hip and/or elbow dysplasia, endometriosis, as well as cataract.

One of the diseases that you should be highly aware of is the bone disease—including hip and elbow dysplasia. This is because, bouvier dog tends to grow rapidly between four and seven months of age—so, it’s better to keep them away from running in hard surfaces, or pulling hefty objects (like carts, for example) until their bones are well-developed. Within those months, despite their seemingly-perfect physical strength and agility, their bones are not perfectly-developed yet.


Living with a Bouvier Dog

  1. Personality

Living with a bouvier dog can be fun if you know how the dog commonly behaves. In common, bouvier is a friendly breed, and it’s fun to play with. But they may need your consistent attention. Therefore, you shouldn’t leave your bouvier alone for too long—as it leads to ‘unwanted’ actions, such as barking, chewing your cushions, or even chasing someone around. Not to mention, it may bite out of their attention-deficiency self.

However, not everyone can be a good company for a bouvier. Bouvier tends to like an owner who shows them consistent leadership. That makes younger children (infants to toddlers) and an elderly family member may not be a good companion for your bouvier.

Despite the downsides, like its barking tendency (which is definitely on the strong side), they are a definitely friendly furry friend that will welcome you after work. Bouvier may not jump intensely like Golden Retrievers, but they will show you their devotion simply by curling at your feet.

Early socialization is a need for bouvier dog in order to accustom them with people, other dogs/pets, and living situations. They may be great at playing with family members, but they tend to be the otherwise when they meet other dogs or strangers—that’s why this dog can be a good and trustable watchdog.

You can train them to be friendly towards other dogs or strangers since its puppyhood. One method that does the trick is enrolling your bouvier to a puppy class. Aside from that, you can work on it by taking them frequently to busy parks, taking a stroll while meeting neighbors, or going to stores that let you to bring along your dogs. That way, you can help to improve its social skills to a better way.


  1. Trainability

Bouvier dog tends to be easy to train, given that they are considered as a breed whose intelligence is more than average. As earlier mentioned, it’s best to train them since puppyhood, especially for its social skills. As it grows up, you can start teaching them tricks but don’t let your bouvier learn too intense. Consider to allow their bone to grow properly before letting them to play actively.

Bouvier doesn’t have much tendency to hunt for preys or even being wanderlust despite its strong energy level. But it would never hesitate to howl or bark once it has ‘nothing to do’ (shortly said, bored). That said, consider to play with them occasionally to keep them happy. Don’t forget to take them for a walk around neighborhood, or maybe for a short-distance car ride. Whenever your bouvier does something agreeable, give them praises, treats, or any enforcing actions.


  1. Feeding and Health Care

Regarding its food, you should never let your bouvier to eat as much as it wants. Have an appointment with your vet and talk about the appropriate method to feed your canine fellow. Bouvier is relatively easy to gain weight, and a shocking weight gain may lead to serious health problems.

Plus, since it’s a playful breed, consider grooming them often since the fur may bring dirt a lot from outside. Routine vet visit’s highly recommended, especially in its first year of life to detect any bone malformation.


So, those are some information about bouvier dog. Planning to own a bouvier as pet? Sounds like a good idea—given that it’s a friendly breed, it’s heartwarming to have a loving pet to welcome you after a hard day.

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